A term that stands for activities of daily living which include eating, dressing, grooming, shaving, etc. Can also be referred to as DLS (daily living skills).
The ability to walk.
Anoxic Brain Injury-
An injury resulting from lack of oxygen to the brain for several minutes or longer, causing brain cells to die.
Inability to express oneself and/or to understand language as a result of brain damage.
Inability to complete complex or skilled movement for reasons due to brain injury.
Lack of muscle coordination.
Decrease in size or wasting away of a normally developed body parts due to lack of nutrition.
The part of the brain which controls movement.
Cervical Cord –
Contains the nerves for the biceps, deltoids, wrist extensors triceps, and hands.
Closed head injury –
A head injury which damages the brain but doesn’t penetrate or fracture the skull.
Process of becoming aware of thoughts or perceptions.
A condition in which a patient is unconscious and cannot be aroused.
CT scan –
A series of x-rays which is used to examine the different levels of the brain.
Diffuse Axonal Injury-
occurs over a widespread area of the brain when acceleration or deceleration forces the brain to move which leads to a shearing injury.
Frontal lobe –
Front part of the brain which enables cognitive functions like planning, organizing, problem solving, etc.
Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) –
A method which determines the outcome of brain injury survivors in regards to functional independence.
Occipital lobe –
Primarily processes visual information and is located in the back of the brain.
Occupational therapy (OT) –
Structured activity which redevelops fine motor skills. Patients also learn techniques including dressing, bathing, self-grooming and preparing food.
Parietal lobe –
The right parietal lobe is primarily handles nerve impulses related to the senses and language functions.
Physical therapy (PT) –
Structured activity which includes exercise programs geared toward muscle strengthening and endurance, maintaining range of motion, improving coordination and regaining mobility, often with the use of assistive devices.
Speech pathology –
Structured activity geared towards treating and improving problems with speech and language, attention, memory, organization, planning, and sequencing, reading comprehension and writing skills.
Occurs when blood vessels rupture between the inner layer of the dura and the surface of the brain.
Temporal lobes –
Right temporal lobe is mainly involved in visual memory. Left temporal lobe is mainly involved in verbal memory.