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Amputation Terminology

Abduction-
The movement of a body part away from the middle of the body.

Abrasion-
The Wearing away of the skin caused by friction.

Amputation-
A surgical procedure in which a body part is removed because it no longer has a use or is harmful to one’s health.

Anterior-
The front side of a body part.

Bumper-
A device inserted into a knee or ankle component used as a resistance or extension tool.

Causalgia-
A chronic pain usually caused by an injury to a peripheral nerve.

Complete amputation-
Indicates that the body part has been completely removed.

Congenital amputation-
Occurs to a fetus in the womb when fibrous bands tightly wrap around and sever the body part.

Debridement-
The removal of tissue from a wound.

Distal-
The part of the body part farthest from the central area of the body.

Gait training-
The method of learning to walk with a prosthesis.

Hybrid prosthesis-
A prosthesis that combines two types of control in the same prosthesis.

Neuroma-

A nerve ending which is left on the stump after an amputation and grows which grows abnormally.

Nylon sheath-
A sock worn on the residual limb to prevent perspiration and add comfort.

Partial amputation-
Indicates that most of the body part has been severed but is still attached.

Phantom Limb-
The feeling that the amputated portion of a limb is still attached to the body.

Posterior-
The back side of a body part.

Prosthesis-A device that takes the place of the amputated body part.

Proximal-
Closer to the central area of the body.

Range of motion-
The movement capability a limb has.

Replantation-
A surgical procedure in which a completely severed body part is reattached.

Residual limb-
The portion of the limb that remains following an amputation.

Stump-
Term used to refer to the residual limb after an amputation.

Traumatic amputation-
An unexpected amputation caused by an accident or injury which completely severs a body part.