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Elbow Injury Terminology

Ankylosing —
The immobility of a joint as a result of disease, injury or surgery.

Arthroscope –
A fiber optic scope which is used to examine a joint.

Biceps —
A muscle with two origins. The biceps brachii is located in the upper arm.

Bursa–
A fluid sac in between a tendon and a bone which decreases friction.

Bursitis —
Occurs when a bursa becomes inflamed and causes pain at the site of inflammation.

Cartilage–
Tissue that provides cushion for bones and joints.

Elbow Joint–
The joint in the middle portion of the arms that connects the ulna and radius.

Epicondyle
The round, most prominent part at the end of the bone.

Epicondylitis –
A painful condition which causes the muscles and tissues surrounding the elbow to become inflamed.

Forearm —
The part of the arm from the elbow to the wrist which is comprised of the radius and the ulna.

Lateral epicondylitis –
An injury caused by overuse which leads to pain or soreness to the outer part of the elbow.  Also known as ‘tennis elbow.’

Medial epicondylitis –
An injury caused by overuse which leads to pain or soreness to the inner part of the elbow.  Also known as ‘golfer’s elbow.’

Humerus
The bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow.

Inflammation –
An internal or external reaction in which a contained part of the body becomes red, swollen, warm and painful.

Ligament –
Fibrous tissue which connects two bones.

Olecranon –
The thick, bony tip of the elbow.

Psoriatic arthritis –
Joint inflammation that occurs with psoriasis.

Radius –
The small bone of the forearm that is located on the same side as the thumb.

Range of motion–
The full movement potential of a joint, typically concerning flexion and extension.

Staphylococcus–
A group of bacteria that cause a great variety of diseases directly through infections or indirectly though side effects. This infection is most commonly acquired in the hospital.

Tendinitis–
Inflammation or irritation of a tendon which commonly affects the elbows, wrists, shoulders or heels.

Tendon–
The tough tissue which attaches muscles to bones.

Triceps–
The muscle located in the back of the upper arm that allows the forearm to extend.

Ulna —
The large bone in the forearm that is located on the same side as the little finger.

Ulnar nerve —
A major nerve located on the inner side of the arm that supplies the forearm and hand with sensory and motor innervation.