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Scar Injury Terminology

Collagen-
The primary protein found in skin, tendons, cartilage, bone and connective tissue.

Contracture –
The shortening of muscle tissue which results from excessive scarring and causes limited mobility.

Cryotherapy –
A procedure in which a cold liquid or instrument is used to destroy abnormal skin tissue.

Dermatologist –
A physician who specializes in the physiology and pathology of skin.

Dermabrasion –
A surgical procedure in which the upper layers of the skin are removed in order to smooth the skin and remove scars.

Dermis –
The layer of the skin located underneath the dermis which is comprised of connective tissue, nerve endings and blood vessels.

Epidermis –
The outermost, protective layer of the skin.

Hypertrophic scar –
Overgrown, raised scar tissue that stays within the injured area and becomes smaller overtime.

Keloids –
Overgrown, raised scar tissue that spreads beyond the injured area and is usually flesh or pink colored. Can limit mobility.

Incision – A cut into tissue.

Inflammation –
An internal or external reaction in which a contained part of the body becomes red, swollen, warm and painful.

Laser –
A strong light beam that is used to destroy or cut tissue.

Liquid nitrogen –
An extremely cold liquid typically used in cryotherapy.

Plastic surgeon – A physician who specializes in performing surgery to reduce scarring or disfigurements.

Plastic surgery –
A type of surgery which focuses on correcting scarring, defects and disfigurements.