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Vision Injury Terminology

Anterior chamber –
The area of the eye located behind the cornea and in front of the iris.

Conjunctiva —
A thin membrane that lines the inner eyelid and white part of the eyeball.

Conjunctival —
Relating to the conjunctiva.

Cornea —
A five-layered, transparent structure in the front of the eyeball that focuses light.

Corneal —
Relating to the cornea.

Corneal abrasion —
A scratch to the cornea.

Dilate —
To expand or enlarge.

Glaucoma —
A condition in which the pressure in the eye increases, causing vision loss or blindness.

Inflammation —
An internal or external reaction in which a contained part of the body becomes red, swollen, warm and painful.

Intraocular –
Refers to anything occurring within the eye.

Iris —
The colored, ring shape part of the eye which regulates the light flow into the eye.

Iritis –
A condition in which the iris becomes inflamed.

Keratitis –
A condition in which the cornea becomes inflamed as a result of infection, trauma or disease. In some cases, this condition can lead to blindness.

Lens —
The transparent structure located behind the eye that focuses light to the retina.

Ocular —
Relating to the eye.

Ophthalmologist —
A physician who specialize in the anatomy, physiology and treatment of the eye.

Ophthalmology –
A branch of medicine that focuses on the anatomy, physiology and treatment of the eye.

Orbit –
The bone cavity in which the eyeball is located.

Orbital fracture –
A break in the bone that contains the eyeball.

Palpebra —
The upper and lower folds of skin that can close or open over the eyeball. Also known as the ‘eyelid.’

Pupil –
The opening in the iris that controls the amount of light that enters the eye.

Retina –
The lining in the back of the eyeball that is sensitive to light and creates impulses to the brain through the optic nerve.

Retinopathy –
Refers to any disease affecting the retina.

Rupture —
A tear or break to a body structure.

Sclera –
The white, outer coating of the eyeball.

Subconjunctival hemorrhage –
A painless condition where blood is trapped underneath the conjunctiva as a result of a small break in a blood vessel.